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Industry Methods & Accepted Criteria

Casual Furniture Fabric Association Performance Standards
(Outdoor Furniture)

 

Acrylic, Olefin, and Woven PVC

Characteristic Test Method Acceptance Criteria
Abrasion ASTM D4157 Acrylic – 15,000 Double Rubs (Cotton Duck #10)
Olefin – 9,000 Double Rubs (Wire Screen)
PVC – 1,000 Cycles (1 KG weight, CS 10 Abrader)
ASTM D3884 PVC, Acrylic and Olefin – One Inch accepted
Bow & Skew ASTM D3882 PVC Cushion (Open Mesh) – 300 lb warp 1200 lb fill
Breaking Strength  ASTM D5034 PVC, Slingable – 350 lb warp/225 lb fill
PVC, Wicker – 450 lb warp/450 lb fill
PVC/Olefin Slingable – 300 lb warp/225 lb fill
PVC, Acrylic – 350 lb warp/225 lb fill
Acrylic Cushion – 225 lb warp/100 lb fill
Olefin (Cushion) – 225 lb warp/100 lb fill
 Colorfastness to Light  ASTM G154, Cycle 1 PVC – 1000 Hours 4.0 Rating
Acrylic – 1500 Hours: 4.0 Rating
Olefin – 1200 Hours 4.0 Rating
 Flammability  UFAC PVC, Acrylic and Olefin – Class 1
 Cal TB 117, Section E PVC, Acrylic and Olefin – Pass
 Seam Slippage  ASTM D4034 PVC, Acrylic (Cushion) – 25 lb warp/25 lb fill
Olefin (Cushion) – 15 lb warp/25 lb fill
 Tearing Strength  ASTM D5733 PVC, Cushion (Open Mesh) – 20 lb warp/40 lb fill
PVC, Slingable – 50 lb warp / 70 lb fill
PVC, Wicker – 100 lb warp/90 lb fill
Tearing Strength ASTM D2261 PVC, Olefin (Slingable) – 60 lb warp/70 lb fill
Acrylic (Cushion) – 14 lb warp/10 lb fill
Olefin (Cushion) – 14 lb warp/10 lb fill
Wet/Dry Crocking AATCC 8 PVC – Dry 5/Wet 5
Acrylic – Dry 5/Wet 4
Olefin – Dry 5/Wet 4

 

Prints on Acrylic, Prints on Polyester, and Solid Color Polyester Cloth

Characteristic Test Method Acceptance Criteria
Abrasion ASTM D4157 15,000 Double Rubs (Cotton Duck #10)
Bow & Skew ASTM D3882 One Inch accepted
Breaking Strength ASTM D5034 125 lb warp/65 lb fill
Colorfastness to Light ASTM G154, Cycle 1 500 Hours: 3.0 Rating
Flammability UFAC Class 1
Cal TB 117 Section E Pass
Pilling ASTM D3512 Class 3.0 After 30 Minutes
Seam Slippage ASTM D4034 25 lb warp/25 lb fill
Spray Rating AATCC 22 Spray Rating 80
Tear Strength ASTM D2261 6 lb warp/6 lb fill
Wet/Dry Crocking AATCC 8 Dry 5/Wet 4

Coverlet / Bedding Standards – ASTM D6664 Standard Specification For Woven, Knitted, And Flocked Bedspread Products For Institutional And Household Use

Characteristic Test
Method
Acceptance Criteria
Woven Bedspread
Acceptance Criteria
Knitted/Flocked Bedspread
Breaking Force ASTM D5034 25 lbs NA
Bursting Strength ASTM D3786 or D3787 NA 35 psi
Pilling ASTM D3512
30 Minute Run Time
Class 4.0 Class 4.0
Dimensional
Change to
AATCC 135 – Household
Laundering AATCC 158 – Dry cleaning Tailored Type – 3.5% max. Tailored Type – 5.0% max.
Drycleaning¹ AATCC 96 -Institutional Use Throw Type – 5.0% max. Throw Type – 5.0% max.
Refurbishing AATCC 135 – Household
Appearance AATCC 158 – Dry cleaning Polyester/Cotton – SA 3.0 Polyester/Cotton – SA 3.0
(Fabric)¹ AATCC 96 – Institutional Use 100% Cotton – SA 2.5 100% Cotton – SA 2.5
 Bow & Skew  ASTM D3882 Woven/Knitted – 3.0% max.
Pattern Print – Acceptable
Woven/Knitted – 3.0% max.
Pattern Print – Acceptable
Colorfastness to
Laundering
AATCC 61 Shade: Class 4
Staining: Class 3
Shade: Class 4
Staining: Class 3
Colorfastness
to Drycleaning
AATCC 132 Shade: Class 4.0 Shade: Class 4.0
Colorfastness
to Crocking
Solid Shades – AATCC 8
Prints AATCC 116
Dry – Class 4.0
Wet – Class 3.0
Dry – Class 4.0
Wet – Class 3.0
Colorfastness
to Light
AATCC 16 (20 Hours) Class 4.0 Class 4.0
Colorfastness
to Perspiration
AATCC 15 Shade: Class 4.0 Shade: Class 4.0
Flammability² ASTM D1230 Class 1 Class 1
 
Notes:
  1. Determine the maximum dimensional change after refurbishing five times following permanently attached care label instructions. If there is no attached care label, the refurbishing conditions shall be as specified by the supplier using the guidelines above for household, dry-cleaning, or institutional use. Flammability requirements shall be as agreed upon between the purchaser and supplier except when regulated by applicable government mandatory standards.
  2. If flammability is to be tested, the method above may be used.

 

Drapery Standards – Contract And Residential

Contract
ACT Guidelines
Residential – ASTM D3691 Guidelines
 Characteristic Test
Method
All
Curtains
Knit
and Lace
Sheer
(Woven)
Conventional
Weights (Woven)
Breaking Strength ASTM D5034  NA  NA  15 lb  20 lb
Bursting Strength ASTM D231  NA  20 lb  NA  NA
Seam Slippage ASTM D434 15 lb –
60z/sq.yd; 25 lb – over
60z/sq.yd
 NA  NA  NA
Tear Strength ASTM D2261 NA NA 1 lb 1.5 lb
Dimensional Change
to Laundering
AATCC 135
(5 Launderings)
NA 3.0% max.
+0.0%
3.0% max.
+0.0%
3.0% max.
+0.0%
Dimensional Change
to Dry Cleaning
 ASTM D2724
(3 Dry Cleanings)
NA 3.0% max.
+0.0%
3.0% max.
+0.0%
3.0% max.
+0.0%
Distortion of Yarn  ASTM D1336 NA NA 1 lb load-
0.1 inch max.
2 lb load-
0.1 inch max.
Colorfastness
to Laundering
 AATCC 61  NA Shade: Class 4
Stain: Class 3
Shade: Class 4
Stain: Class 3
Shade: Class 4
Stain: Class 3
Colorfastness
to Drycleaning
AATCC 132 NA Shade: Class 4 Shade: Class 4 Shade: Class 4
Colorfastness
to Burnt Gas
AATCC 23
(1 Cycle)
NA Class 4 Class 4 Class 4
Colorfastness
to Crocking
AATCC 8 (Solid)
AATCC 116 (Print)
Dry – Class 3
Wet – Class 3
Dry – Class 3
Wet – Class 3
Dry – Class 3
Wet – Class 3
Dry – Class 3
Wet – Class 3
Colorfastness to
Light
AATCC 16 Class 4 Class 4 Class 4 Class 4
Colorfastness to
Ozone
NA Class 4 Class 4 Class 4
Fabric Appearance NA SA 3.5 SA 3.0 SA 3.5
Retention of Hand,
Character, and
Appearance
NA No significant
change
No significant
change
No significant
change
Durability of
Back coating
NA No significant
change
No significant
change
No significant
change
Flammability PASS See note below² See note below² See note below²
Light Degradation³ See note below NA NA NA NA
Notes:
  1. NFPA 701: 2004 Test #1 is being phased in at the time of the publication of ACT standards, but was not cited in all relevant codes. Therefore the 1989 Small Scale test remains the ACT standard until further notice. However, most fire agencies require the most current version for installation.
  2. The ASTM method states that the flammability requirements shall be as regulated by applicable Government mandatory standards and has been referred to Subcommittee D13.52 on Flammability and will be incorporated into D3691 should a test method become available.
  3. No standard method is currently available for the determination of light degradation of curtain and drapery fabrics. Development of a standard method has been referred to AATCC.
  4. Launderable fabrics are expected normally to be dry cleanable except where all or part of the fabric is not dry cleanable and is so labeled.

 

Upholstery Standards – Contract And Residential

Characteristic Test Method Contract
ACT Guidelines
Acceptance Criteria
Residential
Joint Industry Standards
Acceptance Criteria
Abrasion ASTM D4157 30,000 – Heavy Duty
15,000 – General Contract
No acceptance criteria
Breaking Strength ASTM D5034 50 lb 50 lb
Colorfastness to Light AATCC 16 (40 Hours) Class 4 Class 4
Elongation ASTM D5034 NA Woven: 1% – 5%
Flocked Woven: 0.7% – 5%
Flammability California TB 117, Sec. E Pass See Note Below
Pilling Resistance ASTM D3511 Class 3
Seam Slippage ASTM D4034 25 lb 50 lb
Tear Strength ASTM D2261 NA Category I: 6 lb min
Category II: 4.5 lb min
Category III: 4.0 lb min
Wet & Dry Crocking AATCC 8 Wet 3/Dry 4 Wet 3/Dry 4
Notes:
The Joint Industry Fabric Standards Committee does not directly specify flammability standards that a fabric must meet in order to comply. They supply a brief description of UFAC / NFPA 260, Boston, Cal 133, British Standards and European Common Market methods. To summarize: UFAC – (there are) “many retailers who specify that all of their upholstery should meet the UFAC requirement”; Boston – in most cases has been superseded by Cal 133; Cal 133 – is “strictly designed for public occupancies” such as jails, prisons, nursing homes, convalescent homes and public gathering places in hotels having 10 or more seating units; British Standards – furniture exported to the UK must pass; Europe – currently deciding which method(s) are appropriate, but have made no decision.